The Key Texts: An Overview

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The lessons which today’s child care professionals need to learn.

The Leicestershire Inquiry 1992:by Andrew Kirkwood

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A classic example of weak and uninformed management, and the damage it permitted

Teenagers and the Social Work Services:-by John Triseliotis

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A thorough study of the effectiveness of services and what people thought of them.

Bullying: the Child’s View-by Jean la Fontaine

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What was learnt from children’s helplines

Speak of the Devil: Tales of Satanic Abuse in Contemporary England-by Jean La Fontaine

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The debunking of the popular myth of ritual abuse

War-handicapped Children:by Thérèse Brosse

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A report on the European situation after the Second World War

The Education of Children who are Looked After:By Felicity Fletcher-Campbell

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The positive impact of focusing on success

The Pindown Report:by Allan Levy and Barbara Kahan

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An investigation into a scandal arising from punitive methods of control

Closing children’s homes

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A research report which demonstrated children’s need for residential care

The Cleveland Report:by Judge Elizabeth Butler-Sloss

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A careful analysis of the investigation of large-scale alleged abuse

The Orkney Inquiry

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A catalogue of poor practice and inadequate thinking

The Black Report:Chaired by Sir Harold Black

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A short well-argued report that shaped youth justice services in Northern Ireland

The Maria Colwell Report:Chaired by T.G. Field-Fisher

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The Hughes Report: Chaired by Judge William H. Hughes

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The first report to take the views of children in care seriously

Crime – A Challenge to Us All :Chaired by Lord Longford

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A seminal Labour Party report which affected later policy-making

The Child, the Family and the Young Offender

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A White Paper which caused debate about ways to deal with young offenders.

Children in trouble

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A new rationale for treating young offenders

The Clyde Report on Homeless Children:Chaired by James Clyde

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A practical review with clear conclusions which shaped Scotland’s child care services.

The Kilbrandon Report:Chaired by Lord Kilbrandon

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An outstanding report which placed Scotland in the lead in the treatment of young offenders.

The Underwood Report :Chaired by J.E.A. Underwood

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A snapshot of thinking about maladjustment and the services which children needed

The Ingleby Report:Chaired by Viscount Ingleby

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A thorough review of the management of young offenders

The Key Texts: What Did Not Get In

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A review of the way the series was put together

‘The Second Curtis Report’ Chaired by Dame Myra Curtis

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An outstanding report which had a massive impact at a critical point

‘The Monckton Report’ by Sir William Monckton

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A report which highlighted foster care failures and the need for change

‘Britain’s Sixteen-Year-Olds’ by Ken Fogelman

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Following a cohort through adolescence

‘Growing up in Great Britain’ by Ken Fogelman

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Collating the findings and implications

‘Interim Report of the Care of Children Committee’ Chaired by Myra Curtis

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A landmark report which created national child care training

‘The Training and Recruitment of Staff for Residential Work’ by Clare Winnicott

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A systematic approach to the training of residential workers

‘Perinatal Mortality’ by Neville R Butler and Dennis G Bonham

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How factors such as social class affect babies’ survival

‘From Birth to Seven’ by Ronald Davie, Neville R Butler and Harvey Goldstein

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The importance of social class - and small schools

‘Troubled and Troublesome’ by Masud Hoghughi

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A comprehensive ground-breaking study of secure care

‘Group Work with Adolescent Girls’ by Arnold Critchley and Bridget Fann

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How devolving power can help young people to mature

‘The Adolescent Girl in Conflict’ by Gisela Konopka

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A study which highlighted the lack of research about girl offenders

‘Mother and Baby Homes’ by Jill Nicholson

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The first comprehensive study

‘A Home for the Heart’ by Bruno Bettelheim

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Lessons learnt from successful practice in residential treatment of disturbed behaviour

‘Exceptional Children: Residential Treatment of Emotionally Disturbed Boys at Shotton Hall’ by Frederick George Lennhoff

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‘Consequences’ by Elizabeth Reinach and Glyn Roberts

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A study of the effectiveness of an observation and assessment centre

‘Leaving Care’ by Mike Stein and Kate Carey

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Indicators for success- and failure- in aftercare

‘An Experiment in Group Upbringing’ by Anna Freud and Sophie Dann

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How children from a concentration camp learnt to relate to adults

‘Dibs in Search of Self’ by Virginia Mae Axline

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A touching classic about creating the right space to let healing happen

‘Child Care and the Growth of Love’ by John Bowlby

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A child care classic, still quoted but contentious

‘Early Experience: Myth and Evidence’ by Ann Clarke and Alan Clarke

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A collation of child care research which challenged current thinking

‘Foster Home Breakdown’ by David Berridge and Hedy Cleaver

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A detailed study providing guidance to social workers on what works

‘Child Care Now: A Survey of Placement Patterns’ by Jane Rowe, Marion Hundleby and Louise Garnett

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Social workers’ views as to what works

‘Cottage Six: The Social System of Delinquent Boys in Residential Treatment’ by Howard W Polsky

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A neutral stance is impossible for a participant observer.

‘After Grace, Teeth: A Comparative Study of Residential Experience of Boys in Approved Schools’ by Spencer Millham, Roger Bullock and Paul Cherrett

‘Adoption: A Second Chance’ by Barbara Tizard

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The benefits of adoption compared with foster care and return home

‘Expanding the Options in Child Placement’ by Anita Wiener and Eugene Wiener

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Research into adoption, fostering and residential care with surprising conclusions

‘Children Referred to Closed Units’ by Pat Cawson and Mary Martell

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The ignored facts about young people who were locked up

‘The Development of Secure Units in Child Care’ by G J Blumenthal

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An architect’s analysis of secure care

‘Controls from Within’ by Fritz Redl and David Wineman

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Ways to manage problem behaviour

‘The Other 23 Hours’ by Albert Trieschman, James Whittaker and Larry Brendtro

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Practical advice on residential child care

‘Young Children in Brief Separation’ by James and Joyce Robertson

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Lessons about what does - and does not - damage children

‘Residential Management as Treatment for Difficult Children’ by Donald W Winnicott and Clare Britton

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Research lessons learnt from residential child care practice

‘Children in Distress’ by Alec Clegg and Barbara Megson

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A landmark text on the impact of education on children in need

‘Children who Wait’ by Jane Rowe and Lydia Lambert

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A landmark study of children in long-term care

‘Wayward Youth’ by August Aichhorn

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Multiple messages about the care of young offenders from the days of Sigmund Freud

‘Love is Not Enough’ by Bruno Bettelheim

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Using the residential group to let children address their problems

‘Summerhill’ by A.S. Neill

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The thinking behind an unusual, innovative and lastingly influential institution

‘Spare the Child’ by David Wills

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The struggle to change a traditional approved school to offer relationship-based treatment

‘Adult Status of Children with Contrasting Early Experience’ by Harold M. Skeels

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Research showing how children respond to care, and that good care saves money

‘Some Theoretical Observations on Group Care’ by Martin Wolins

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A seminal text which makes sense of other theoretical and practice-based work

‘A Place Called Hope’ by Tom O’Neill

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Personal experiences of the care system shaped professional thinking.

‘Mr Lyward’s Answer’ by Michael Burn

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A classic observation of what made residential therapy work

‘Patterns of Residential Care: Sociological Studies in Institutions for Handicapped Children’ by Roy D King, Norma V Raynes and Jack Tizard

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Research which led to change and some unexpected findings

‘The Normalization Principle and its Human Management Implications’ by Bengt Nirje

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A short paper which had a massive impact

‘Continuity and Support Following Residential Treatment’ by Delores Taylor and Stuart Alpert

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Post-discharge success was shown to depend on family contact.

‘Children in Foster Care: A Longitudinal Investigation’ by David Fanshel and Eugene B Shinn

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A study of what makes for success in foster care

‘Homer Lane and the Little Commonwealth’ by Elsie Bazeley

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The classic example of a self-governing community for children

‘Road to Life’ by Anton Makarenko

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An honest account of learning to run a community for young offenders by experience